1 person, 1 vote? Maybe not. NYC mulls ranked choice voting

1 person, 1 vote? Maybe not. NYC mulls ranked choice voting
In this Nov. 6, 2018 file photo, voters read their ballot papers as they wait in line to cast their vote at P.S. 161 in Brooklyn borough of New York. A ballot measure will give New York City residents a chance to institute ranked choice voting in primaries and special elections. Under the system now in effect in cities such as San Francisco and Cambridge, Massachusetts as well as the entire state of Maine, voters can rank candidates in order of preference instead of choosing just one.(AP Photo/Wong Maye-E, File)

NEW YORK (AP) — New York City voters used to picking one candidate per race may soon be marking their ballots for up to five.

A measure on the city's ballot Tuesday will let voters rank their choices in primaries and special elections for mayor, city comptroller, public advocate, borough president and City Council starting in 2021.

The system is known as ranked-choice or instant-runoff voting. It is in effect in U.S. cities including San Francisco, Minneapolis and Cambridge, Massachusetts, as well as Maine.

Backers say ranked-choice voting forces candidates to broaden their appeal beyond a narrow base in hopes of being chosen second or third by voters whose favorite is someone else.

Critics of the system call it unconstitutional or confusing.

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